There have been several reports that Kim Kardashian-West is “deeply concerned” about her husband, rapper Kanye West’s recent behavior. Kanye, 43, was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 2016 and Kim is concerned that Kanye may be going through a manic period.
In a May 2019 interview in Vogue magazine, Kim Kardashian-West openly discussed Kanye’s mental health issues. She says that, in the past, Kanye has found it hard to accept that he has bipolar disease, telling people that he was instead suffering from sleep deprivation. However, she said that he now accepts his diagnosis. “‘I think we’re in a pretty good place with it now,’ she says and adds that Kanye has a newfound sense of purpose—to show that you can live a normal life with mental illness. ‘It is an emotional process, for sure. Right now everything is really calm. But we can definitely feel episodes coming, and we know how to handle them.’”
But for West, “handling them” doesn’t include medications. According to Kim, “For him, being on medication is not really an option, because it just changes who he is.”
Speaking with David Letterman for his Netflix series My Next Guest Needs No Introduction Kanye explained that taking medication every day can “ramp him up” which can be a double-edged sword: “[W]hen you ramp up, it expresses your personality more” and you have “a heightened connection with the universe,” as well as more energy and productivity. But West also admits that during his manic periods he may suffer from racing thoughts, irritability, sleep loss and paranoia or psychosis. ““When you’re in this state, you’re hyper-paranoid about everything,.. Everything’s a conspiracy. You feel the government is putting chips in your head. You feel you’re being recorded. You feel all these things.”
Whether Kanye West will actually run for President remains to be seen. He has already missed the filing deadline with the FEC for a number of states and has less than a month to file for most of the rest. Even as a write-in candidate, some states required paperwork filed in advance for those votes to be counted.
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes extreme shifts in mood, energy, and behavior. People with bipolar disorder experience both dramatic “highs,” called manic episodes, and “lows,” called depressive episodes. These episodes can last from hours to weeks, and many people have no symptoms between episodes.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, there are four types of Bipolar Disorder:
Bipolar disorder affects nearly 6 million adults in the United States, or about 2.6% of the population over 18 years of age. The median age of onset is 25 years, although the illness can start as early as childhood or as late as the 40’s or 50’s. It affects men and women equally and is found in all racial and ethnic groups and all social classes.
Much has been written about the depressive side of bipolar disorder, while much less material is available about the manic side of the disorder (It doesn’t even warrant its own page on the National Institute of Mental Health, NIMH website!). This article will, therefore, focus on mania.
The primary symptoms of mania include:
Mania also commonly presents with psychotic features, which include delusions or hallucinations. Many patients endorse grandiose delusions, believing they are high-level operatives such as spies, government officials, members of secret agencies, or that they are knowledgeable professionals (even when they have no such background). These individuals may also experience auditory or visual hallucinations, which only present when they are in the manic phases. Some of the most common delusions are delusions of paranoia, in which patients believe that people are stalking, targeting, or surveilling them. They may believe this to be done by government agencies, gangs, or others. These patients are highly unlikely to respond to outsiders’ views on their psychosis as well as their mania. A component of the manic phase is that generally, the individuals themselves do not realize what is happening (poor insight). The problem is mainly noticed by others, including family members, friends, and even strangers or police. (StatPearls-Mania)
Unlike those with mania, hypomania does not cause major difficulties in social or occupational function. In addition, it tends to last at least 4 days, but usually not as long as a week.
Treatment can help many people, including those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder. An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy, also called “talk therapy.”
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Episodes of mania and depression typically come back over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment can help people manage these symptoms.
Medications generally used to treat bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers and second-generation (“atypical”) antipsychotics. Treatment plans may also include medications that target sleep or anxiety. Health care providers often prescribe antidepressant medication to treat depressive episodes in bipolar disorder, combining the antidepressant with a mood stabilizer to prevent triggering a manic episode. Examples of these types of medications include:
Mood stabilizers: To control episodes of mania:
Antipsychotics: Added if symptoms of depression or mania persist despite treatment with other medications
Antidepressants: Used to control depressive symptoms. Because an antidepressant can sometimes trigger a manic episode, it’s usually prescribed along with a mood stabilizer or antipsychotic. An extensive discussion of the many types of antidepressants is beyond the scope of this article.